It is these words that are written on this stand of civil defense, dedicated to the topic “training the population in means of protection against nuclear, chemical and bacteriological weapons …“. This booth is very interesting, so I want to show it to readers and subscribers.
I found this stand back in 2018 in the abandoned NPRP Electroshop (Nizhnedneprovsky Pipe Rolling Plant) in the city of Dnipro. By that time, this stand was more intact and I regret that I did not remove all its elements then. The opportunity to remove the elements of the stand I had only now. Of the 60 glass information elements, about 40 remained more or less unscathed.
This stand has been (partially) preserved in its place to this day and this is how it looks on the video. But…
Teaching the population how to protect against nuclear, chemical and bacteriological weapons is one of the most important measures of the civil defense of the USSR, aimed at protecting Soviet citizens from weapons of mass destruction.
As a result of training, every citizen should:
Possessing enormous force, the shock wave destroys buildings and structures, inflicts defeats on unprotected people.
Despite the enormous destructive power of the shock wave, shelters and shelters protect people from defeat.
As you move away from the explosion site, the damaging effect of the shock wave gradually weakens and then completely stops.
The energy of a nuclear explosion manifests itself in the form of a shock wave, light radiation, penetrating radiation and radioactive contamination, which are the damaging factors of a nuclear explosion.
Since Soviet times, “indestructible” has been in a state of “cold war” and a constant paranoid tension of potential threats from the “Collective West”. It was not by chance that I wrote that it was on the verge of an inflamed meaning – I am by no means exaggerating.
Here’s an example for you.
Did you know that throughout the former USSR, most of the “standard” monuments dedicated to the victory in the “Great Patriotic” World War II are tanks (it’s good that we are now removing them and transferring them to technical museums), which in some magical way almost all (i.e. most of them, except for those where the urban situation did not allow this) are oriented with trunks in a western direction? Once again – GUN TO THE WEST, Carl! This is some kind of hidden sacred symbolism of the “victory conversation” – is it paranoia? Although one is worth it. Sorry I got a little carried away…
Previously, civil defense (CD) and civil defense (CP) were taught in educational institutions, enterprises had CP headquarters that periodically conducted theoretical and practical exercises (I showed one of these abandoned factory headquarters of the CP in this video).
Who knew… no, not like that… (despite the fact that intelligence assures that the “dung country” has been gradually preparing for a war with us since 2007), almost no one believed that the threat would come not from the “West”, but from “East”.
With the start of a full-scale invasion, the issue of putting old shelters in order, pumping water out of them, removing garbage from them, conducting electricity in them, decontaminating walls from mold, checking ventilation, painting and equipping protective rooms with furniture and drinking water became very acute. This was done, first of all, by local residents, volunteers and the same stalkers (because they understand this) – Valery from the ALTERKAM project.
It is the main cause of mass fires in the lesion, it causes burns of varying severity to unprotected people.
Light radiation propagates only in a straight line and does not penetrate through opaque materials, objects that create a shadow, partially or completely protecting from light radiation.
Radioactive contamination of the area can occur both in the area of a nuclear explosion, and far beyond it, following the trace of the movement of a radioactive cloud.
The area of radioactive contamination can remain dangerous for people and all living things for a long time.
Penetrating radiation – a stream of invisible radioactive radiation, acting within 10-15 seconds after the explosion. It inflicts a defeat on unprotected people, resulting in the development of radiation sickness.
Radioactive radiation can penetrate into various structures. They loosen depending on the thickness and density of the materials they pass through.
And only later, when local leaders and deputies realized that “here is an opportunity for PR”, the bombers began to recover at public expense …… (and here you can pretty swear because) to be honest, they should be kept in all this time acceptable condition at the same public expense. And in the “West” shelters are still maintained and ready for use at any time – I already wrote about the state of shelters in Germany in this article.
The war lasts for many months – and to the missile-drone terror of the peaceful rear settlements of the country (I’m not even talking about the horrors in the occupied territories and the front line) from the “fucking neighbors” man-made terrorism has also been added. The explosion of the Kakhovskaya hydroelectric power station has become a horrific reality, so the possibility of a terrorist attack at the occupied Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is now taken quite seriously.
Experienced stalkers, just in case, took out chemical protection and gas masks from the cache, put fresh batteries on radiation dosimeters … The paranoids bought all the potassium iodide tablets from pharmacies and stocked up on modeling tape and canned food … Let her be! )))
But such things have not been joked about before, and the teaching of what to do in emergencies has not been neglected. At such information stands, which were always before our eyes, one could see what and how to do.
Therefore, in general, I agree with the inscription on the stand that «EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THIS»!
This stand was created in Soviet times, therefore, unfortunately, it is in Russian, but I think that you will understand everything anyway, so I will just post photos of these materials here.
These are means, the damaging effect of which is based on the use of toxic substances capable of infecting living organisms.
According to the nature of the damaging effect, toxic substances are divided into:
Poisonous substances infect the air and terrain.
A cloud of air contaminated with poisonous substances moves with the wind. The defeat of people is possible at a distance of 10-15 km from the place where the chemical munitions fell.
Infected air flows into narrow streets, courtyards – wells, ravines and stagnates there for a long time.
The chemical focus of infection occupies a vast territory
The use of chemical weapons can cause mass destruction of people and animals, as well as contamination of water bodies, agricultural land, etc.
– it is quite interesting and uniquely made in itself. Each block is printed on a glass plate using the photographic method of reshooting on a negative – as photographs are printed through a photographic enlarger, only here, instead of photographic paper, a photograph on glass. Most likely, these images are “ambrotype”. This is such a wet-color photographic (rather expensive, but quite interesting) process in which, after receiving the image, the photosensitive layer was protected with a layer of varnish, which increased the shelf life of such images (who wants details about what it is – read here).
In the case of these photographic plates, the layer with the image is covered with white enamel (enamel is the same varnish, only not transparent, but with a dye). The booth itself was made as a showcase of two wings, behind which artificial lighting was mounted, which, if necessary, turned on, so these photographic plates were illuminated from behind.
But, as one of my acquaintances suggests, “this may not be an ambrotype, but ordinary photographic plates” … Be that as it may, it is old and it is really difficult to understand what it is here.
Who wants to add something to my message, discuss the find or just leave a comment (for Telegram users) – this can be done here “weissman_chat“
The use of chemical weapons can be established with the help of special devices and by some characteristic external signs:
It is very important to correctly determine the size of the gas mask. To do this, you need to measure the height of the face, – between the point of greatest deepening of the bridge of the nose and the lowest point of the chin.
The size of the mask can be found in the table:
A gas mask is a good means of protection only with skillful handling of it.
When receiving a gas mask, it must be carefully inspected, checked for serviceability and prepared for use.
Hold your breath, close your eyes, remove the mask from the bag, grab the temporal and occipital bands with both hands.
Take off the gas mask upon leaving the infected area or at the command «take off the gas masks».
All citizens should immediately go to shelters, shelters or to pre-prepared premises.
It is possible that you will have to stay in shelters for a long time. Exit from them is carried out only with the permission of the duty officers for civil defense.
Animals are driven into the premises, especially valuable animals are put on protective equipment.
It is important to timely establish the beginning of the use of bacteriological weapons.
This is indicated:
If you find any of these signs, you need to put on protective equipment and report to the nearest medical facility.
Protection against bacteriological weapons is provided by shelters and individual means. Specific means of antibacterial protection are also used.
Preventive vaccinations and medications protect against serious diseases.
In the event of an outbreak of especially dangerous diseases, quarantine is introduced.
If a less dangerous pathogen is used – observation.
One of the main sources of many acutely infectious diseases is a sick person.
The speed of elimination of the bacteriological focus of infection depends largely on the organization of the population.
In the event of a threat of attack, the population from large cities can be evacuated.
In order for the evacuation to be successful, you must:
Organization and discipline are essential throughout the evacuation!
To timely warn the population about the danger of an attack, there are civil defense signals.
Under no circumstances should you stay in the apartment!
If the signal is caught in a store, cinema or other public place, then the administration will indicate the location of the nearest shelter or shelter.
Citizens who find themselves in an unfamiliar area or a tram, bus, trolleybus during the signaling, the location of shelters or shelters will be indicated by civil defense posts.
If you find yourself on the outskirts of the city when the signal is given, you need to quickly leave the city. The movement of all types of transport is allowed only towards the outskirts.
It is possible to leave shelters or shelters by the “Air Raid End” signal, which is transmitted by radio and means that the threat of an air attack has passed.
When shelters are damaged.
Every citizen should familiarize himself with the civil defense activities carried out at the place of work and residence.
Civil defense formations and military units will operate in areas of severe destruction.
The population will be involved in rescuing people, dismantling rubble, arranging driveways and other work in zones of weak destruction.
For a quick search for the affected, it is necessary to organize a continuous search. Having found the victim, first of all, it is necessary to free him from the rubble.
If you find someone struck in the depths of the blockage, you must immediately notify the commander of the rescue formation.
When working in the rubble, you must be careful and follow safety rules.
In case of collapse of individual sections of flights of stairs, people are taken out along the boardwalks
The descent of people from the upper floors can be done using a ladder or using a rope.
Fires can arise not only from light radiation, but also from the destruction of heating stoves, gas networks and other causes.
You can pass through heavily smoky rooms by bending over or crawling, covering your mouth and nose with a wet piece of cloth.
For bandaging, it is best to use an individual dressing bag, bandage, and, in extreme cases, clean linen material.
Before applying the bandage, it is necessary to free the affected part of the body from clothing, it is best to cut the clothing.
Depending on the site of injury, dressings are applied in various ways.
When applying a bandage to burns, pieces of clothing that are burned or adhered to the body cannot be torn off, they must be carefully cut off, and the bandage should be applied over the remaining pieces of fabric.
In the event of a fracture of the limb, both splints should capture the joints located above and below the fracture site.
In case of a fracture of the forearm, the splint is applied so that it also captures the hand. The bandaged forearm is hung on a scarf.
If there is an open wound at the fracture site, then a tourniquet, bandage, and then a splint are first applied.
After providing first aid, the injured must be taken to a temporary collection point for the injured or to the place of loading onto transport.
Easily affected can get on their own.
Severely affected people are carried on their hands or on a stretcher.
When carrying, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the affected person and quickly provide assistance if necessary.
Methods of artificial respiration and indirect heart massage in the provision of emergency care to the affected.
In cases of sudden cessation of breathing or its violation, artificial respiration should be done by the method: from mouth to mouth and from mouth to nose.
With a sudden cessation or a sharp weakening of cardiac activity, an indirect heart massage should be used.
Self-help and mutual assistance in case of damage by toxic substances.
In case of exposure to nerve agents, immediately put on a gas mask and inject the antidote under the skin or into the muscle using a syringe tube or take a pill in your mouth.
In case of contact with the agents on the skin or clothing, immediately remove the drops with a swab and treat the affected area with liquid from an individual anti-chemical package, water, and solvents.